FOREIGN BROADCAST

INFORMATION SERVICE

g

Daily Report—

FBIS- CHI -90-242

Monday 17 December 1990

Daily Report * China

FBIS-CHI-90-242 CONTENTS 17 December 1990

NOTICE TO READERS: An * indicates material not previously disseminated in electronic form.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

General Qian Qichen Reviews 1990 Foreign Affairs /Betjing RGGiO] ............cccccccccccceccccececceceeeeeesseeeessecesscesees l Further on Assertions /Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 15 Dec] .............00--+. l U.S.-South Korea Defense Deal Examined [Hong Kong LIAQWANG OVERSEAS EDITION 10 Dec] ...........ccccccccccccceeesssceceeceeeeessseeesceessccesceeees 2 Chen Muhua Hosts UN Women’s Official /XINHUA] .0.0........:..ccccccccccccssssssscsecessssssscesecessceesseesaceeseess 3 Major Changes in World Pattern Viewed [Hong Kong LIAQWANG OVERSEAS EDITION 10 Dec] ...........:c.ccccsscsssccsssccscesssssccesscessssescecsceeees 3

United States & Canada

Editorial on U.S. Lifting of Technology Embargo /Hong Kong WEN WEI PO 1S Dec] ...c..cccc00000:. 5 Gulf Crisis’ Effect on U.S. Economy Viewed /LIAOWANG 3 DOC] .o.c.cccccccccccccccccccccccceesssceesssccesseeeee 6

Northeast Asia

PRC, Japanese Leaders Pledge To Strengthen Ties /RENMIN RIBAO 8 Dec] oocccccccccccccccceccccceees 7 I, OUR, «UU i aie tesinnlimmencatncmtinnnilivenen® 7 Li Ruihuan Briefs Mongolian Editor on Newspapers /XINHUA] oocccccccccccccccccccecccccescecceesseceeeeeseees 8

Southeast Asia & Pacific

Malaysian Newspapers Hail Li Peng’s Visit (XINHUA) .0............ccccccccccccsessecsssssssssssssscssssssesessssssrens 8 I I I I UIE. ssa nascent nan cttno nennnsionenioasatinincieundonsstouaneneienents 8 Meets Asian Bank President (ZHONGGUO XINWEN SHE] oo.c.cccccccccccccccccccccccccceecesscceeeesceees 8 PUTT, $ JIT 1.114 iss sensdinsncuusserueasaceenenneneveenseteuieununnsbnenseessenneiantinenn 4 CCC: (ITIL sisssnssscisnennestnessuessnsunonssecstonsenente seiesbdinpeniceutsemeeeneuses Q Meets Chinese Community Members /[XINFIUA] .............cccccscccccssssscssssssscsssscssvscccsssssscsessscoesss re) SPU I EE III ssi aise ccananenmssetempinennnbenanbunebins vestensuuinenneumbnnnneinenttn 10 Meets Reporters Before Departure /XINFIUA) ..............0.cscscccssscssssscesscsscesces sosssssssccsssessccescossees 10 No Decision on U.S. Bases /XINHUA] ooccccccccccccccccccccecceeeceeees s SapennCeeeenahneaannAeniNNREND 10 UIE, SUIT «sis ttisstanessisitrsnscnaennseenunevanenpunneanemeriuneusevenmeenvenniblinnienes 10 Li Meets Senate President Salonga [XINHUA] ...............cccccccssssssocssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssessssoessoes 11 Notes Crises in European Changes /XINHUA] .o.........ccccccccccccccecccceeeeeees sgtennenneNNinNiree 11 Promises No Regional Threat /Tokvo KYODO 15 Dec] ooccccccccccccccccccccccccssscccecceeeesssesessceeseessees 11 CTT SUT, s:0sss.sescusssnsssnquemnssstins ou sieeannesuenmiaibanenennennnnnnnte 12 Cte Ca IE EDGED ca sccnccccccnsorsssvenncnsessncenesecnssvensscenesunsesssenbenehuanshannecnsescseeten 12 EE nT 12 OED UIE, SIT IIIs inssstsnsnsssnesssnccinnnnesnniess ueienenpenebecessnneintinninsabineennenennninsettin 12 Greeted by Kaysone Phomvihan /XINHUA] .0.......00000..0600..00000000- seuinnseeneieeniiatallaeneeenenunn eee 13 I, SE 1110 .:.0ssinsssiecussertenseuusaunees ioeeeleeelthmnNiteinbteenewEt 13 "WOTT RROCOPTION’ ABBTOCINIOE [ATNTTUA ........0.000ccccccccsccsssscccccsscccesscccssscssesseccsssoscscssseesses a. 14 CCIE. [TIED | 101045100. caguseeusnesenseenssensnessnnnnbensunianeesbabuleninaninden 14 eg | ee 15 I IE icici ss aes saan nanntenatinsanipusotinnsenisimnideilanes teeeacnnenenetenssiain 17 ee Ee ED NEED IIUUTIA oncessccecesesescescccscccsccessecscsvosnsastecsensensseccescecosrssonsennes 17 ER LL, | eee 17 TE SUIT sstshsesssdssuniascgnsenennsetedesvense ssemunsevinesensisieubeetouceusosesenietin 17

SG ED «IC TIIIGEE cranseenevesnenecscaresensremnanmagnenensesnagnoumnedenemnensseenteans 18

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990 2 China Rt” * ERED oer nen EE eae eT Cer e ea e NSO RET 18 I a as lees a nenbenenteencenign 18 Meets With Phoumi Vongvichit /Vientiane Radio] ...............ccccccccccceessseeessenseceeseeesseeensceceneeeces 19 A EEC, §« TUTTLE «.........-cssnnssnnvenesenvengncesensnssusssossecnnneeasanpneceteotensnonsnense 19 a telah 20

Articie Views ‘Crux’ of Cambodian Issue

[Hong Kong LIAOWANG OVERSEAS EDITION 10 Dec] ...............ccsssccsssecsssssssecssecssresnsssesencesseeees 20

Near East & South Asia

ER TN aE anew 21 S| ene eR ee eT 21 I Sateen stan nn eeasabibnansiec dina 22 I oT ah sbrnnbenlaneibeteeneennanneneeen 22 Meowanamer Applauds FriemGsnim [XINTTUA] ..............0...00ccsescsccsssscscssssssscsssssosessssssssesoessosssssecees 23

Wu Xuegian Receives Iranian Delegation /Tehran IRNA] .........cccccccccccccceeececeesseceeeesseeesceeseecesseeeeees 23

Wu Xuegian Reiterates Stand on Gulf Crisis /ZHONGGUO XINWEN SHE] oo.....ccccccccccccceeeeees a an

‘Yearender’ Examines Results of Gulf Crisis (XINHUA ..................sccccccssseccsssssssesssssccsssecensssnscsooses 24

Sub-Saharan Africa

SWAPO Delegation Continues Visit to Beijing. ................ ELSES: AE SOT NNT SEE mT 25 nn nn I: EE, UII sn. sosanssnsnn guns cbammssiianinaitepasenmeneeebiiosnuseseuenunneanentvente 25 I © i i rere nlinsbesnnnensletns anette 25

West Europe

Vice Premier Tian Jiyun Meets German Official /A/JNHUA/ ....... RL OR ee CT TON 25 Wu Xuegian Receives Finnish Foreign Official (/XMINHUA] o..........ccccccccccccccessseecessneceesseceseceeseeeesneeees 25

Latin America & Caribbean

Reception Marks Sino-Chilean Diplomatic Ties /AINHUA] oo.c..cc.cccccccccccccccccecceeeeesseeeesseeeesseeeeesseeees 26

CU I, I issn casicsneasiernndceiveinhindonvnnnueennnanbeenecarnenenebebindeins 26

Women’s Group Meets Mexican Parliament Speaker /X/JNHUA/ ................ ern 26

Women’s Delegation Returns From Trimidad /XINHUA] o.........c.ccccccccccccceccceesscceesseeesseeseeeseeeseeeeeees 26

Cuban Consulate General Opens in Shanghai /XINHUA] .oo.....cccccccccccccccccccccssscceeessseecssteeseeeeseeeceeeees 26 NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Political & Social

Daily Reports Deng Xiaoping Hospitalized /Hong Kong PAI HSING 16 Dec] .....c.cccc.cccccccecceeeeeeeee 27 Police Say Dissident Case Still Being Probed /AFP] oo.....ccccccccccccccccececesseeeetseeees ahneanesienstnininittanees 28 Tian Jiyun Attends Foreign Trade Reception (XINHUA .............cccccsccsccssssssscssssssscssscssscsssscsssesoees 28 Tian Attends Beijing Diplomatic Store Meeting /XINHUA] o........ccccccccccccccccccccceesecceessceeseceseeeeeeeeeees 28 Tian Cited on Wage, Insurance Reforms [XINHUA] ............cccccccccccccsssccsssssesssssssssscssscesscssscsseceseens 29 Yuan Mu Discusses Communism, Policies /Duesseldorf HANDELSBLATT 14-15 Dec] ............0.... 29 Li Ruihuan Promotes Mass Cultural Activities /XINHUA] oo.ccccccccccccccccccccccccceceecsescscceeeesseeceeeseceeeeees 31 Li Tieying at Cadres Marxist Theory Study Class /Beijing TV] .o....cccccccccccccccsecceesseeeseeesseeesseeeeeees 31 Peasant Gets Death Sentence for Abducting Girl /Hong Kong ZHONGGUO TONGXUN SHE] ... 31 Leaders Express Condolences as Li Yimang Cremated /XINHUA] oo....cccccccccccccccecccecsceesseeeseeeeseeees 31 Supreme Court President Stresses Legal Work /Wauhan Radio] ..ccccccccccccccccccccessccescecseeseeseeseesseseseseees 32 Shandong-Qinghai Development Project Reported /Jinan Radio] ....c..ccccccccccccccceeccseeesseeseeeseeeseeeeeees 32 Measure To Check Corruption Implemented /CHINA DAILY 12 Dec] cocccccccccccccccccccccscceccsseesseseeeees 33 EE EE WE MET ssssnssnnscsnacecasecnes vexeesmesnsssncnensensnaensssaneeeevesseseccenenantoute 33

International Container Shipment Regulations (YINHUA] .......c.ccccccccccccccccecscceessceeseeseeesscenseeerseees 34

FBIS-CH!-90-242

17 December 1990 3 China Science & Technoiogy Second Nuclear Plant Sull Under Consideration [Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 12 Dec] .......222......220000cccceeeseeeeveeeevseeevees ssideceaanil 36 ‘Tighter Controls’ Urged for Nuclear Workforce [Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 15 Dee]. .............. liiataaeidiascehineciaeacinel ileal 37 Science News on Wave Darkroom, Test Tube Trees /AINHU AJ oo0.00.0ooccccccccccccceeececccceceeeee ee a I, snaciteenesensndesnsebvebanbeniebabesennbbenees 38 Voice System for Computer Input Developed (XINHUA) 20.........000.00.cccccccccccceeccseesecessceeeeeeveeveveveveee 38 Economic & Agricultural Finance Minister Urges Boosting Income /XINHUA] .............0002-.20..2.202000000s sili aile iti shia aae 39 Tian Jiyun Urges Further Employment, Wage Reform /X/NHU. 4) ie ieee: aa Exchange Official Says Debt Repayment Smooth /BEIJING REVIEW No SO) oocccccccccccccccceceeeeeeeee 39 Song Jian, Others Present Awards to Designers /XINHUAJ .0.............0000.0..ccccccccesceessceceeseceeeeceeeees ... 40 Article on Eighth Five-Year Plan Guidelines /Hong Kong LIAOWANG OVERSEAS EDITION 10 Dec] .............0.0000000000c00000- tek Wie issn cela 40 SPC Report Maps Out Long-Term Economic Plan FEGOURE TOM TIPU Te COREA REGRINEINGE FOE 87 DGC on....ccccccccccccscccscssscscescsscsscescsccescessooeeseeees 4] Open Policy Said Attracting More Foreign Banks /XINHU A} o.........ccccccccccceccsceescesseessceeeesseeseeseeseeees 42 State Council Approves 59 New Customs Posts /XINHU A] ............c:cccccccceccessccesecessceeessececeeeeeeeeees 42 1990 Foreign Trade Surplus Reported /Hong Kong TA KUNG PAO 4 Dec] oocccccccccccccccccecceccceee sees 42 Petrochemical Production Joins World Leaders /(XINHUA] 2..........0..c.0ccccccccccccccescsceeessececeeeeeeceeeeeess 43 Conference Analyzes Task for Light Industry /XINHU A] oo........ccccccccccccccccceccceseeeseeess evr ee iheteesisaitie 43 Development of Electronics Industry Urged /RENMIN RIBAO 21 No ‘J insist ities dibaiaia .. 44 Posts, Telecommunications Growth in Seventh Plan /AJNHU'A/ ............. niniibheehaitpianeicecsiediinenaalenicialal 45 Nuclear Industry To Produce Civilian Items /CHINA DAILY 13 Dec} sine, <etnidiaelansiciidtnnahimanalesiiubiahitadl 46 Ethnic Minority Economies Reportedly Develop /AINHUA] .o...00..0.....000cccccccceees iieisiahtniinindaieial didin 46 Articie Views Provincial Farming Service /RENMIN RIBAO 7 Dec] o..........cccccccccccccccccecscceececeeeeeeees 46 REGIONAL AFFAIRS Fast Region Lu Rongjing Discusses Role of Party Papers /Hefet Radio] .......0....0...00.6ooeccccececccesseeseseeees wiibiasvnialt $0 Yang Yongliang Views Enterprise Management /4NHUI RIBAO Y Dec} shinenntiniahenainanineeeanaatiiiamciians $0 Anhui Industry Grows in Seventh Five-Year Plan /Hefet Radio) ...............0cccccccccsccecseecsecceceeveceeeceees 53 Fujian Foreign Trade To Rise 14 Percent /AJNHU4A/ ....... sabi iabielihlilibaltcatieaniaietideapiidhlandieiesataiisidinibaiiaiiadian $3 Jiang Chunyun Attends Insurance Press Briefing § /J:an Radio} sialiainhsan sninniechssiiatiennenidieieteteiaaiaiiiibaneds 53 Zhu Rongji Addresses Meeting of Theorists /Shanghai Radio] ...... shndiaebininineneieananiennt(oiehiieanebeiaialaiidiiohiins $4 Central-South Region Lin Ruo Attends Cantonese Opera Festival /Guangzthou Radio] ooccccccccccccccccccccccccccseeecseveeeees dine S4 Shenzhen City CPC Congress Opens 15 Dec /ZHONGGUO XINWEN pein se daiantehnainaiibiadasigets —— Li Hao Addresses Congress /XINHUA] ....cccccscsuseceesenesenereseneieneessseesenenneennenneeneen sinusitis 55 Deng Hongxun Participates in Construction Work [Haikou SEINE ‘sincdtappumnnereaceaseeniatainiininiaetin Meeting Held on Learning From Advanced Areas /Ziengzhou Radio) ....... pitsidashaneibiniliasabaadiis io oe Southwest Region Liu Zhengwei Participates in Construction Work /Guiyang Radio] .......... eeemnnneiidaaaeiaiiii 56 Report on Guizhou’s New Tax Collection Measures /AINHU A] ooccccccccccccccccccccccccecccceeesseeeeeeeeeees 57 Forum on External Propaganda Work Opens in Lhasa /Lhasa TV] o..........000cccooccceccececees patina ee

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990 4 China

North Region

Beijing Meets Seventh Five-Year Plan Targets /Beijing R@diO] ................cc.cccss-eeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeres 58 Hebei Province Personnel Changes Listed /HEBEI RIBAO 11] NOW] 00............:ccccccccccceceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeees 59 Wang Qun Attends Township Directors Meeting /Hohhot Radio] ..............:.ccc:ccccceecceeeeeeeeseeeeeeeees 59 Five-Year Industrial Achievements Reported /Hohhot Radio] ..............c..c.ssseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeceeees 60

Northeast Region

Sun Weiben Delivers Investigation Report /Harbin R@dIi0] ............0..ccccsse00aseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeees 60 I a cenrieiebrilas 61 I I, ED ET 4 ss eestinnennnennennnsnnenhnnennnnes 61

Sun Weiben Discusses Party-School Building /HEILONGJIANG RIBAO 11 Oct] ................200000000+- 62

Quan Shuren Speaks at Party Discussion Class /Shenyang Radioj ................:00ccccccccccceceeeeeeceeeeseeees 67

Liaoning Committee Views Agricultural Production /XINHUAJ 0..2.....cccccccccccceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeees 67 I, i. cceennsennnesennbninnasinehsiemmitunies 68

Northwest Region

Song Hanliang Addresses Rural Production Meeting /Urtarm@i TW] oo....ccc.ccccccccccccccceeeeeeceeeeeeeeeesceeeees 70 Tomur Dawamat Chairs Xinj:ang Production Meeting /Urwrmgi TV] ........c.ccccccccceeccceeceeeeeeeeeeeeneeeees 71 Xinjiang Rural Education To Stress Patriotism /Urwrmgi TV] .o.......cccccccccecsccseceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeceseeeeeses 7!

PRC MEDIA ON TAIWAN AFFAIRS

Reunification Committee Meets Taiwan Group /XINHUA] .0..........ccccccccccecsecsessesseeseesensceceeenececeeeesescensseess 72 Official Meets CPPCC Delegates (ZHONGGUO XINWEN SHE] 0o.....cccccccsccsseseecceeseeeeeeeeeeesesceeeseees 72 DD PE ED ID FIG ceccccscscanscssnsnencescseccesesserenstoerseernesenosncessnasernccsonneesseseceens 72 Yang Shangkun Condolences on KMT Figure’s Death /XINHUA] 0........ccccccccccseeeeees sieemnainneien 73 Article Answers Taiwan's Demand for Response [Hong Kong LIAQWANG OVERSEAS EDITION 10 D@c] ........0:...0s00s.ssscssssssesessesssesensssecseccosssessecsseossseess 73 BEIJING REVIEW Criticizes Taiwan /BEIJING REVIEW No SO] oo.ccccccccccccccccsssoesseeeeeeeeeeeeeeesecseeseeeeseeeees 75 New Zealand Greenpeace Warns Taiwan Fishermen /XINHUAJ] oo.....c.ccccccccccccccssccceescesneeeeceeeseenseeeeceeeees 79 TAIWAN Legislator Reportedly Visits Beijing /Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 15 Dec] ................ 80 Mainland Opposes Italian Arms Sale to Taiwan 9 /Taipet Intermational] ...........ccccccccccseecccceeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeseeees 80 Official Warns of Delayed Reunification /Taipei Intermational] ..........c..cccccceccsessssssvseeeesseeeeseeeceeeeesseesseesens 80 UY EE CE, CTU 000s snsunea sient enahsemneneiinniinnbinrbinnerbntiete. cemmbeenubeeshneekeniienis 80 Exchange Foundation on Mainland Contacts /Taipei R@Gi0] ............cccccccceccesseessseveessereseseseeeeeeeeeseseceeseeeees 81 Hainan Island To Sign Joint Agreement /Taipei Intermational] .........ccccccccccecsesseesccceeeeeneeinuseeeesscceceeseeeeeees 81 Different Treatment Promised for Mongolians /Taipei Radio] ...........0c.cc.cc000000 peneccannnaeaegappentoneunmiaisinatt 81 U.S. Urged To Help Maintain Pacific Stability [CNA] ........ccccccssssccsosssccssccssssesessessssssesscssesensorveccossossssoeseess 81 rc rs CC CE JT , cscnsssssusheenestenbeenensennresseuenbieieeterdenpntetionnssenenmeanentecnentnds 81 Taiwan Considers Reopening Guam Visa Office [CNA] .......ccccccsccccscsssssesssssssscscssssessocessscssssssessessessesseses 82 Aquino To Visit Taiwan in Return tor Loan /Taipet International] ..........cccccccccccsseeeseessseeceeeeesseecesseeseeees 82 Aquino Wishes to Visit Taiwan /Taipei Intermational] .........cccccccccccssssesssessessessseeeseeceeeceeeeesceceeseeesens 82 Japanese Senator’s Remarks Protested /Taipei International] ..........ccccccccccsessessesssesseeeeeeceeceeeseeeeeeeess seeceneaiie 82 Government Wants To Join Asian Trade Group [CNA] o0.......cc.ccccccssscccssssesssessesscessessessessesseeeeeseseeseceeeseenes 83 USon Largest Export Market in East Europe [CIA] ........cscccccccsssssscccssscccsscesescescevscssscnecesconessssssesssceesnessses 83 China Airlines To Cooperate With Aeroflot /Taipet Radi0] ...........cccccccccccsscsssssesseeseeseeeees pasinabeedenentauniareanie 83 Nicaraguan President Invited To Visit /Taipet RAdiIO] ...........c..cccccccseseeessecseeseesseseneeeeesereeeees papereereneaneneins 83 Economic Mission Praises Tour of Brazil [CNA] ...........:.ccccccccssssssessccsessecessesessessesssenessensaseeneees aenmannette 83 Papua New Guinea Foreign Minister Begins Visit [CNA] ............c:.ccccccccssessessesseseeesseeeeeseeeeeeeeeeesesteseeseeeeens 84 ED WUD GUID = TTLTUEED c:scsssenssesssneennsnenssonnnsennntosvensssbonnnenrersentennnpniieusensountenneneninienteth 84 SE CGD GED = ETE scessessconngnevscvensdoncetcnnetencesstsonunenesetnbansesnnansseene seeensannnennnneneiiien 84 |e of | Ten 84

‘Commotion’ at Detention Center for Mainlanders [CNA] .0.........cccccccsccessessessessssseesseceseeeeeeeeeeeeessesesseesseens 84

FBIS-CHI-90-242

17 December 1990 5 China TROT BRIRTIRS WO FURW TGy GRR TIA oncceciceccscneecteccctnessssceccecevcceccccceevoccceessscoosores ie aliiaieA sian a he 85 President Speaks oni Constitutional Revision /Ta@ipet RAGiO] ...............cc..cccc0cceeeeececseeeeeeneesenseceresceeeseenceeees 85 Premier Urges More Development of Energy Sources /Tatpei International] ......................c.cesesee0e-e0es 85

HONG KONG & MACAO

Hong Kong UK Franchises Said Safe After 1997 [Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA SUNDAY MORNING POST 16 Dee] ........2...0.<2000c0+0---0000seseeerecseeveeees 86 Kai Tak Airport Refurbishment Progresses /XINFIUA] _..............00...000..sscccssssenssccssvsnscesesssecesesacsossceees 87 PLA Criticized Over Naval Base Issue [Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA SUNDAY MORNING POST 16 Dec] .....2......-.....:c-00-0000sse000eeeeeeneeoes 87 Requests for Emigration to South Africa Increase fifong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 15 Dec] ........0...0:..ssccssevessssesseessssssssscesssssessssessoeoes 87 No New Curbs Over Nationality After 1997 [Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 15 Dec]. ..............ce0cccsesesosescsssessssessseccessssesssnsceees 88 Guangdong Seeks Relaxed Border Restrictions [Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 15 Dec] ........::..:csccsssscseesseessececccceceeeseseeceneeseesceees 89 Macao Laweiprateeme Group Gas Fateh Soest [ATNTTUAY ...cccvcsscescessvecsssscccssescsesesvecses sosssessesssensosssossocsooess 89 XINHUA Office Promotes Dialogue /Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST 15 Dec} ..... 89

Decision on Collecting Macao Flag Designs [XINHUA] .............cccccccccccsccceeeeeeceseeseeseeeeesesseceesneeeeenees 90

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990

General

Qian Qichen Reviews 1990 Foreign Affairs

OW 1712094790 Beijing in Mandarin to Taiwan 0400 GMT 17 Dec 90

[Text] According to a report by RENMIN RIBAO, during an exclusive interview with a RENMIN RIBAO reporter recently, Chinese Foreign Minister Qian Qichen said: The year 1990 has been one in which China has achieved breakthroughs and made progress in its foreign affairs. The progress may be summed up in the following three areas. First, China enjoys the best relations in 40 years with its neighbors. Second, China has further expanded its relations with Third World countries. Third, relations between China and Western countries are being restored step by step.

Foreign Minister Qian Qichen said: In 1990, China established formal diplomatic relations with the Republic of Namibia, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Republic of Singapore, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands; resumed diplomatic relations with Indonesia; and normalized relations with the USSR. The China Chamber of International Commerce will set up a trade representative's office in South Korea, while the eco- nomic organization of South Korea will concurrently set up a trade representative's office in China, to meet the needs of economic development and trade increases. Following resumption of diplomatic relations with Indo- nesia and the establishment of diplomatic relations with Singapore, China has entered into a new phase of full- fledged development in its friendly and cooperative relations with ASEAN. Sino-Vietnamese relations can also be expected to normalize as a comprehensive polit- ical settlement of the Cambodian issue is gradually realized. China is improving and expanding its relations with India. It should be said that China is now enjoying the best relations in 40 years with her neighbors.

Further on Assertions

HK1S12025190 Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST in English 15 Dec 90 p 11

{By Willy Wo-Lap Lam]

| Text] China is asserting itself on the international scene by playing a major role in building *‘a new international political order”, Foreign Minister Mr Qian Qichen has said.

in an interview with the official party journal SEEKING TRUTH, Mr Qian hinted that China would not acqui- esce in the international power relationship brought about by the rapprochment between the United States and the Soviet Union.

He also reiterated China’s bid to be the leader of the Third World.

“The new international order should be set up on the basis that all independent nations, no matter how big or

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 1

small...shouid establish mutual political and economic relationships in line with the five principles of peaceful co-existence,” Mr Qian said.

He warned: “There cannot be a new order if the world is dominated by the superpowers. a few big powers or a rich-nation club.”

He also criticised the international order engendered by the US-Soviet detente as one thal was prone to conflicts

‘“*‘The detente—even compromise and co- operation—between the US and the USSR will not bring peace and quiet to the world, as some people have said.

“Actually, new contradictions have taken shape and are becoming more acute,” he said.

It was senior leader Mr Deng Xiaoping who, in 1988 proposed that a new international political and eco- nomic order be set up in accordance with the principles of peaceful co-existence. he said.

Diplomatic analysts say Mr Qian’s remarks reflect Bei- jing’s fears, first raised by party elders including Mr Deng. that as a result of the decline of the Eastern Bloc. the world would be dominated by the US.

Having repaired the damage the Tiananmen Square massacre has done to its international! prestige, Be1ing 1s ready to jostle for position with the two superpowers.

Expressing China’s new-found confidence. Mr Quan said: “Now that the domestic situation is stable and the economy has developed, there 1s a strong and solid foundation for expanding external relations.”

As examples of Beijing's ability to play a leading role in world affairs, Mr Qian cited China’s contribution to the solution of the Cambodian conflict and the Gulf crisis.

He indicated that China would continue to tap the support of the Third World, “whose just demands and reasonable stands” it endorsed.

Analysts say Beijing’s new-found assertiveness has been evident in the past week in its acerbic criticism of alleged “interference in Chinese affairs” by Western countries on the question of human rights and Taiwan.

In his interview, Mr Qian attacked “some Americans who are making indiscreet remarks on the internal affairs of another country”.

Yesterday, Beijing called in the Norwegian ambassador to China to lodge a formal complaint over meetings between overseas dissident Ms Chai Ling and both the Norwegian Foreign Minister and the head of parliament.

Beijing has also kept up its rhetoric against countries that are boosting quasi-diplomatic and other ties with Taiwan.

2 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

A ministry spokesman said yesterday that Italian arms sales to Taiwan would hamper the island's reunification with China and jeopardise Asian stability.

It was reacting to news that Italian firm Aeritalia was trying to sell its AMX fighter-trainers and G22? trans- port planes to the Kuorintang administration

“We have always been opposed to the sale of any kind of weapons or provision of production technologies to Taiwan by any country,” a Foreign Ministry spokesman said.

U.S.-South Korea Defense Deal Examined

HK1712064590 Hong Kong LIAQWANG OVERSEAS EDITION in Chinese No 50, 10 Dec 90 p 27

[Special Dispatch” by Li Nengqging (7812 5174 3237): “A “Security Guarantee’ Deal Between South Korea and the United States”)

[Text] Pyongyang, (LIAOWANG OVERSEAS EDI- TION}—The 22d “Korean-American Security Guar- antee Coordination Meeting” between South Korea and the United States, which closed recently in Washington. brought forth a “Joint Declaration.” There are five points tn it that attract attention: (1) The U.S. forces stationed in South Korea will gradually pull out; (2) the United States will transfer the command of the “Korean- American Joint Command” to Korea step by step: (3) an agreement on military aid in times of war will be concluded, (4) South Korea will be responsible for a larger share of the expenditure on the U.S. forces sta- tioned in Korea; (5) the United States will transfer the post of first commissioner from the UN forces in the Korean Military Armistice Commission to South Korea. If these five points gradually come to fruition in the first half of the 1990"s, the military strength and structure in South Korea will undergo a complete change, which will in turn affect the situation in the Korean Peninsula and Asia. This inevitably causes concern among various parties.

After the ceasefire was reached in Korea, American troops stayed if South Korea. More than 10,000 of them were withdrawn in the 1960's and over 20,000 in the 1970's. There are now still over 40,000 stationed in South Korea. According to some Western news agencies, the American troops established 120 bases in South Korea, including 18 air bases, two naval bases, and 100 ground force bases. The principal force bases are located in (Tongtuchon) [dong dou chuan 2639 6258 1557] and (Ryongsan) [long shan 7893 1472], Seoul. Besides, there are four air bases in (Musan) [wu shan 3527 1472], (K.unsan) [qun shan 5028 1472), (Taechu) [da giu 1129 6726), and (Suwon) [shui yuan 3055 0626]. As early as in 1975. the United States revealed that it had placed strategic nuclear weapons in South Korea. Afterwards, the U.S. troops graduaily dispatched modernized air- craft, tanks, and other nuclear weapons into South Korea. Accordung to a report in SEOUL SHINMUN. in 1987, the United States and South Korea brought F-16

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990

fighter planes equipped with nuclear weapons into the annual military maneuvers “Team Spirit.” Last December, the new M1-A1 tanks from the United States were transported to Pusan, South Kore “‘**e United States has also allowed South Korea to ‘e the advanced F-18 fighter planes, 120 of whicu will be assembled in 1992 according to the South Korean plan. In January this year, South Korea bought 20 carly- warning planes from Britain.

Facts show that while withdrawing troops from Se~th Korea in a planned, gradual way, the United States has been energetically equipping South Korean forces and promoting its modernization. According to the Interna- tional Institute for Strategic Studies in Britain, South Korea now boasts a regular military strength of over 600,000; a surface-to-surface missile battalion and three surface-to-air missile battalions for the army; an air force of 24.000, equipped with over 250 aircraft including F-4 Phantom fighter planes; a navy of 16,000, equipped with more than 50 missile craft, landing ships. and so on. Besides, South Korea also has “civilian defense corps” (i.e. paramilitary forces) of more than 2.6 million. They receive military train‘ng regularly each year. In December, former South Korean Defense Minister Y: Sang-hun said that in the 1990's, the national defense of South Korea will be in their own hands and modernized. The annua! military expenditure in South Korea has risen from over 100 million U.S. dollars in the 1970's to about 300 million U.S. dollars now.

Either in terms of the size or the weaponry and equip- ment of its armed forces, South Korea has a mighty military strength, but it is still being constrained by the United States. The “Korean-American Joint Command” founded in 1978 has an American General and a South Korean General as its commander and deputy com- mander respectively, and an American Lieutenant Gen- eral as chief of staff. The commander of the joint command is concurrently commander of the ground forces with the full power to conduct battles. The estab- lishment and deployment of South Korea’s armed forces are also under the control of the United States. Now that the United States has agreed to gradually pass the command to South Korea, some structural changes in the South Korean forces will take place. When with- drawing, the U.S. forces will leave their military bases and some nuclear weapons behind for South Korea. which will redouble the latter’s military might. A radio station in South Korea commented: In the past, South Korea has always been in a passive position in its military cooperation with the United States. After South Korea obtains the command, the two sides will stand on equal footing and become military partners in the true sense of this term.

South Korea 1s where American strategic interests lie and the United States will not easily let it go. Now, the United States wants to free itself from South Korea and push the latter to the foreground to be confronted directly with North Korea. This inevitably entails an increase of South Korea's deterrent power. The United

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990

States wants to show through this that South Korea 1s an “yadependent sovereign country.” It also wants to spend less Or NO Money, and yet preserve its strategic interests in South Korea and Asia.

The Foreign Ministry spokesman of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea made a statement to con- demn the “joint declaration” issued at the “Korean- American Security Guarantee Coordination Meeting.” The statement says that the content of the 22d “Korean- American Security Guarantee Coordination Meeting” was tending toward an international detente, in an attempt to discontinue the on-going north-south dia- logues in Korea. Especially when it was time to discuss and sign the nonagreesion treaty between the north and the south of Korea at the North-South Summit, the United States and the South Korean authorities went so far as to openly oppose one of the parties to the dia- logues. This is a challenge to the alleviation of tension in the Korean Peninsula.

Chen Muhua Hosts UN Women’s Official

OW 1712121890 Beying XINHUA in English 1139 GMT 17 Dec 90

{Text} Beying, December 17 (XINHUA}—Chen Muhua, vice-chairperson of the Chinese National People’s Con- gress Standing Committee and chairperson of the All- China Women’s Federation, met with and gave a dinner for Chafika Sellami Meslem, a United Nations official, here this evening.

During her stay in China, Sellami, director of the Women’s Condition Division of the U.N. Social Devel- opment and Humanitarian Affairs Center, will learn more about the status and condition of the Chinese women in the political, economic, educational and family fields.

Major Changes in World Pattern Viewed

HK1412124990 Hone Kong LIAQWANG OVERSEAS EDITION in Chinese No 50, 10 Dec 90 pp 26, 27

[Article by Wang Lin (3769 2651): “Some Views on the Great Changes in the World Pattern’’}

[Text] One. The question of a new world pattern 1s presently being examined and discussed by both the domestic and international media. They all contend that the post-war pattern characterized by U.S.-USSR con- frontation has been broken and will be replaced by a multipolar structure. But there are many different views on how the multipolar structure will develop, what kind of a multipolar structure will emerge, and how it will affect the world’s economy, politics, and military. Nat- urally, some of the elements of the old pattern are disappearing while others are still intact. Meanwhile, some elements of the new pattern have just emerged. with many others still in the process of fermentation. The transition from a bipolar world pattern to a multipolar one will take time, and will be determined by the growth

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 3

and decline as well as the divisien and merger of various forces. Mlamy people estimate that the process cou'd take 10 years. While the duration of what the Western press describes as the “model transition period” is not very long. the change from old to new. and the race between strong and weak are very intense. This complex and ever changing situation aiso holds many contradictions. Even as the military confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, and between the East and West is ending. and the momentum for detente and dialogue 1s making headway, all kinds of new contradictions are also growing: The gap between the rich and the poor ts widening, while nationalist and separatist sentiments are on the upsurge. creating great instability, upheavals. and conflicts. No doubt, an observation and study of this transition period is of vital importance.

Two. Even though its economic power has been greatly weakened in more than four decades of cold war. the United States continues to enjoy a superior economic. political, and military position in the world. With the decline of the Soviet Union's superpower status. the United States will remain as the world’s “all-around champion” for a fairly long period of time. Under the pretext of “defending the new world order”, it will con- tinue to pursue its global strategy and endeavour to steer world changes into a path favorable to itself in order to preserve its leading position in the world. But. on the other hand. as its economic power wavers, 11 1s con- cerned about the deepening trouble in the domestic economy, and of falling further behind Japan and Ger- many. Its situation may be likened to what US. press describes as “an intriguing combination of superpower and beggar’. Hence. the United States’ strategy is to drag everyone into sharing its responsibility of defending the capitalist world, and for everyone to contribute money and efforts according to its capability. Early this year, US. President Bush already announced a “New Atlanticism” with the European Community. and a “global partner- ship relation” with Japan, and urged that “the United States. Europe. and Japan carry out more frequent political consultation and coordination”. The seven powers’ summit has expanded its discussion of mutually- related economic issues to global political and economic problems, and is becoming more and more a venue for exchanges on their monopoly of world affairs. The western press even proclaimed that the United States. Europe. and Japan are “moving toward a tripolar world” through these consultations and coordination. Naturally. the United States also needs to enlist the support of the United Nations. For the first time ever, Bush praised the “United Nations as a venue where international support and consensus are formulated to meet the challenges confronting us.” This very contradictory position of the United States will be further exposed in the future.

Three. Undoubtedly, Japan and Germany will become strong world powers, but at the moment, they are still “individual champions” in economic affairs. Time, as wel! as the development of other internal and external condi- tions, will be needed before they can become “all-around

4 INTERNATIGNAL AFFAIRS

champions™. Japan's economic power will continue to grow, as will 1ts economic influence. As to whether :t will become a political and military power or not, the kind of obstacles and difficulties 1 will encounter, and how smoothly the development will take place—all these remain to be seen. Germany will exert an increasingly bigger influence within the European Community as well as throughout Europe. Whether 1 will promote or delay the development of the European Community and the integration of Europe, whether 11 will be a “European Germany” or a “German Europe™--this will have to come under observation. The United States enjoys very close economic relations with Japan and Europe and all three need each other politically. Henceforth, the United States will rely on support from Japan and Europe in world affairs, including political and economic matters, while Japan and Europe will use the opportunity to expand their own influence and develop their strengths. The alliance of the U.S. dollar, Japanese yen, and German mark has already aroused world attention. Their internal differences and contradictions will also, however, increase. The United States will not allow Japan and Europe to go ahead of itself, while Japan and Europe will find it hard to satesfy U.S. demands. The United States’ trade friction and economic disputes with Japan have already intensified, while its competition with the European Community including differences over agri- cultural subsidies 1s also escalating. Once Japan and Germany come into their own, they will not yield to the United States forever.

Four. The might of the Soviet Union has been sharply weakened. its internal economic and political crises are deepening, ethnic nationalism and separatism is on the upsurge, and social unrest is escalating. There are also serious food shortages and towering problems to the introduction of reforms. Henceforth, the Soviet Union will concentrate its main efforts on the resolution of domestic problems and strive to improve the grave situation con- fronting it presently. The future direction of the Soviet Union, including the development of its domestic prob- lems and success or failure of its reforms also await further observation. While it may have lost its status as a superpower, the Soviet Union continues to enjoy military superiority and still has some “remaining influence”. While the United States still harbors some suspicions and concerns toward the Soviet Union, it also has to win its cooperation and support. U.S.-USSR consensus 1s increasing in many areas. In the words of the U.S. media, they have been transformed from “cold war enemies to partners in peace”. The United States wants to make use of the Soviet Union's influence as an ex-superpower and enlist it to balance other forces. On the other hand, the Soviet Union will also use the opportunity to strive to defend its position in the world. At the same time, it will also try hard to obtain U.S. and Western economic and technological cooperation. Even as U.S.-USSR coopera- tion and coordination increases, mutual wariness and competition still exist. Differences and contradictions will also appear from time to time. Meanwhile, the East

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990

European region is still mired in serious economic, polit- ical, nationalist, and social crisis. Earlier hopes for large economic and technological assistance from Western countries have vanished. The 34-nations summit on the European security conference held recently in Paris announced the end of the cold war and the entry of E..rope into a new era of new partnership relations. The speeches, however, by leaders from East Europe poured cold water onto the conference. They claimed that an ominous dark cloud hangs over Europe and that unless the West extends generous assistance, economic hard- ships, ethnic divisions, social poverty, influx of refugees. and even military coups will very likely occur in East Europe. But the West has limited resources and cannot fill up the vast hole, however great its desire to help may be. Even Bush in his speech has noted: “The ship of Europe is now entering unknown waters.”

Five. Given the great changes in the world situation today, the situation in the Third World countries has become more complicated and difficult. The growing economic difficulties of the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, and the decline of their struggle over the Third World not only reduced the Third World countries’ room for maneuver but also meant further cutbacks in aid, trade, credit, investments, and other benefits. The majority of Third World countries have seen their economic troubles intensify, and their finan- cial and debt crises deteriorate. Given the development of sophisticated science and technology, and economic growth in developed countries, the gap between the South and the North is growing wider. Ethnic nation- alism and religious conflicts are also on the rise. In some countries, the contradictions between parties, military. and government, ethnic groups, religions, and within society, are intensifying. Disputes over territorial claims, refugees, religions, ethnic groups. resources, and riches are also becoming more tense in other countries. These disputes and contradictions could be used to stir up incidents to cover up domestic problems, and bring about new regional crisis and conflict. Future develop- ment in the oil-rich Middle East region is particularly worthy of note. The current Gulf crisis is one example.

Six. Starting from now until the end of this century and the beginning of the next century, a great competition in economic might will be launched in the world. With the development of sophisticated scientific research, a new technological revolution centered on the informati + revolution is approaching. No one wants to be let behind. If one wants to occupy a favorable position 1) the new world pattern of the future, one has to strive to make rapid breakthroughs in high technology and con- vert them into productive forces in order to be ahead in terms of economic might, This is a comprehensive and total race; it is a test not only in science and technology, manpower, investments, and facilities, but also in the economy, mechanism, education, administration, and finally, a test of strength. The new world pattern will be gradually formed and developed out of this intense race. Some U.S. leaders have already indicated thai the pres- ervation of the United States’ superior position in high

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990

technology and the strengthening of its economic might will be its primary task 2s it defends its leading status in the world. The European Community (especially Ger- many), Japan, and other developing countries have also indicated the need to seriously deal with this grave challenge and not show any slackening. The Soviet Union too. refuses to be left behind and 1s making great efforts to keep up with the rest. Some other newly- emerging countries or Organizations may also spring a surprise and gain favorable positions in certain areas. The winners and losers of this race will be determined by the efforts and developments from hereon.

Seven. As the world moves from bipolarity to multipolar- ity, the situation will change rapidly and is also very complicated. More new situations and problems wil! still arise within each country, between countries and regions, as well as within the United Nations and other international organizations. At present, some domestic and foreign media contended that the future world pattern will be characterized by three or five or even more centers of powers or interest. To speak on the confrontations between each group appears to be prema- ture. While the lessons and experiences from the two World Wars should be remembered and used as refer- ence for exploration, they should not be allowed to restrict new endeavours. The present economic and political conditions are after all different from the past History will also not repeat itself simplistically. The decline of national power and the disintegration or merger of states will have to be studied further. In the light of great changes in the world situation today, it 1s necessary to adopt forceful measures to siep up investi- gations and research, promptly master the changes and trends in the developmen:s of international contradic- tions, devise different assessments of the international situation and consider various options in order to be able to genuinely see through the events, make firm and tumely decisions, and thus maintain one’s initiative and flexibility.

United States & Canada

Editorial on U.S. Lifting of Technology Embargo

HK1512073990 Hong Kone WEN WE] PO in Chinese 1S Dec 90 p 2

[Editorial: “Bush Lifts Science and Technology Embargo on China”™]

[Text] On the evening before yesterday, U.S. President Bush announced the approval of exports of supercom- puters and other hi-tech products to China. This is the most dramatic change that has ever occurred since the L nited States imposed political and economic sanctions against China last year. Before this. U.S. President Bush had already had an official meeting with Chinese For- eign Minister Qian Qichen, which was considered an official high-level contact.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 5

The fact that Western countries are resuming granting loans to China and rushing to promote trade with China signifies the end of the so-called “sanctions.” Even the United States itself has felt that a continua..on of sanc- tiONs IS Meaningless.

China 1s a large country with a population of 1.1 billion and a complete industrial system as well. No country in the world has a strength as powerful as China's to resist “sanctions.” The United States imposed an embargo and blockade on China in the 1950's and 1960's, didn't 1” Practice has proved, however, that such a policy will not work and it goes counter io the long-term interests of both the Chinese and American peoples. Out of consid- eration of U.S. strategic needs, Nixon gave up this policy in the 1970's, thus opened a new era of Sino-U S. relations. The greatest insight displayed by the Sino-U.S Shanghai communique lay in its emphasis on the possi- bility for countries with different social systems to coexist peacefully and on the principle of placing peace. cooperation, and mutual noninterference in each uther'’s internal affairs before ideological differences. Thanks to th.s communique, Sino-U.S. relations have managed to develop constantly.

Every country has its own national conditions. The choice of systems should be made by the people of a country on their own rather than be determined by foreign will. The West's idea that it can force China to change its system by applying “sanctions” 1s unrealistic and will only spoil the present atmosphere of detente. Sanctions will of course hinder China's economic devel- opment, but, at the same time, such practices will also seriously impair the interests of those who apply the sanctions as they will lose an enormous market with |.! billion consumers.

It was out of consideration of short-term political inter- ests that the United States took the lead in applying “sanctions” against China last year. Now it is out of consideration of longer-terms interests that it has decided to lift the sanctions.

Witnessing the drastic changes in East Europe and the Soviet Union last year, the United States thought 1 could gain great political interests from these changes. But now, a year has passed and the drastic changes have totally upset the old strategic structure, whereas a new structure 1s still in the making. Any unexpected changes may take place at this moment, and «1 is hard to forecast how the turbulent situation will develop. The rash switch over to the market economy in East Europe and the Soviet Union has brought about a slump in production. a panic over food shortages, a drastic increase in unem- ployment, rapid replacement of governments in East Europe, and the split of the Soviet Union. Now both the United States and Wes: Europe are busy supplying funds and foods to relieve East Europe and the Soviet Union. If the situation continues to deteriorate in East Europe and the Soviet Union, the consequences will be dreadful to contemplate.

6 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

The United States, which has played its part in bringing about the tremendous changes in East Europe. cannot but re-evaluaie its strategic interests in face of the consequences of such great changes. Now some politi- cians in the Soviet Union and East Europe have com- pletely leaned on the United States for survival. But how much more can the United States pay in support of these countries, which add up to such a vast territory and huge population? By the way, the United States itself 1s facung economic stagnation. decline in production, and high inflation. What is more, the raising of funds to finance its military operation in the Persian Gulf remains an unsolved problem. The economic problem 1s a real Gordian knot for Bush.

We must say Bush 1s a man of strategic insight. Now he has turned his eyes to the East. he has seen that the situation in China 1s stabilizing: the country’s interna- tional influence has not declined but 1s increasing: the reform, which is being carried out in an orderly way and gradually, has brought about economic recovery, and China has more and more foreign exchange in its hands. He has realized that this is a good opportunity for the United States to expand its trade and to export expen- sive hi-tech products, and he knows well that promoting China trade 1s beneficial to the U.S. economy. As sanc- tions have proved futile, Bush, who believes that the United States will lose the market if it fails to seize the opportunity, has resolved to lift the embargo promptly.

Coinparing the situation in China with that in East Europe, some notable Western politicians have begun to reevaluate and shift their attention back to the Chinese- type reform and opening up process. They cannot but admit that this type of reform is good for China, for stability in the Asia-Pacific region, and for the mainte- nance of a balance in the world structure. It 1s against such a background that Bush has lifted the science and technology embargo on China.

Gulf Crisis’ Effect on U.S. Economy Viewed HK1712112090 Beyine LIAOWANG in Chinese No 49, 3 Dec 9 p 38

[Exclusive article” from Washington by correspondent Fang Yinong (2455 $030 6593): “Gulf Crisis Deals Serious Blow to U.S. Economy”)

[Text] The Gulf crisis which erupted on 2 August this year was undoubtedly an additional blow to the already weakening U.S. economy. First, it aggravated the infla- tion, and secondly, it increased the likelihood of the U.S. economy sliding into recession.

The Gulf crisis raised the oil price in the international market, breaking the 40 dollars per barrel mark at one point (oil price was 17 dollars per barrel before 2 August). It is presently wavering between 30 to 35 dollars per barrel. No doubt, this has dealt a serious blow to the United States which relies heavily on oi! imports. Con- sequenily, it has aroused the concern of U.S. economic

FBIS-CHI-90-242 17 December 1990

officials and economists alike and has become a hot topic in the U_S. economuc circles.

Alan Greenspan. chairman of the Federal Reserve Board (the U.S. Central Bank). warned: The Gulf crisis poses a “new and enormous” danger to an already slackening U.S. economy. He estimated that every 10 doilars