Daily Report—

East Asia

FBIS-EAS-89-175 Tuesday 12 September 1989

Daily Report East Asia

FBIS-EAS-89-175 CONTENTS 12 September 1989

NOTICE TO READERS: An * indicates material not disseminated in clectronic form.


Japan Kaifu To Deliver “Major Policy Speech’ 2 Oct /KYODO] oo.ccccccccccccccccccccccccceeseesesseceeeeeeeeeeetsnsteeeeeeeeeens | Kaifu Pledges New Environmental Initiatives /KYODOJ oo...c.ccccccccccccccccccccccecceeeseeeseeceeeeeeeeseestentaeeeees | Kaifu Says ‘Bogus’ Boat People Should Go Home [KYODO] oo.........cccccc ccc ccccccceceecceeesseeeeceeeeeeetetsteneeeees 2 JSP Policymaker Urges U.S. Forces Negotiations /KVY ODO] oo.c.cccccccccc cece cccccccececceeeeeeeceeeceettsttneeeeeeeees 2 NHK Interviews JSP’s Takako Dot /TOKVO TV] ooccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccecccceeecessseeeeeeceesesseeeeeeesetseeeesenenaees 3 JSP’s Ito Criticizes LDP Over Tax Issue (KYODO) ooccccccccccccccccccccccccccesceesecececeeeeeesssseeeeeesssseeeceeeeteeeeees 5 Yamanaka Resignation To Speed Tax Reform /KY ODO] oo.ccccccccccccccccccc ccc ccceecteeeteteeeeeeeeeeeesetnteeeeeeees 5 Defense White Paper Stresses Soviet Threat (KYODO) oo.........ccccccccccccccccccccsceceeceessseseeeeessseceeeeesesseeees 6 Foreign Minister Stresses Overseas Aid Effort (KYODO) ooccccccccccccccccccccccccccecccsssteeeeeeeeeeeeeeeetseteeeeeeeeees 7 Parliamentarians To Visit PRC, Meet Jiang, Li /AYODO] oo..0.0.ccccccccccccccecccccteecees supassesncteesenanpasouenstees 7 Trade Surplus With U.S. Down in August (KYODO) oo..c.cccccccccccccccccccc cece ccc cetsseeeeeeeecetseeeeeesetteseeeceens 7

North Korea

Bush Declaration on Cuba Criticized [KONA] ooccccccccccccccccccccccscceesseeceeseceeeteseeeessaeeeeeecteeecneieeeeeseteeeeenees 7 4Sist Military Armistice Meeting Held 12 Sep /Pvongvang Radio] ..................0cccccccccccceecseeeeseeeseeeeceeees S MAC Meeting Continues in Panmunjom § /Pyongvang Radio] ccc cece ccccececeeeeeceseseceeeeveees 9 North Reunification Proposal “Most Realistic? /KONA] o.....ccccccccccccccccccccccceeseceeessseeeeeeeeeeeeteeeestteeeens 10 CPRF Statement Dismisses Allegations Against Yim o........ccccccccceceecescseseeeeeeecesseeeeeeeeeessseeeeeesseseeeees 1] DET ET =I 111s ccsscsnssnsnectnsacseneneecencnaneeenensireresdnsniucesnneénensenosetcenncebhnnte 11 CCE CCE MUTED csssssccsssussrcenienssesnniacensesnuesenessoonsessoqnvancennansnenmnennsiantenensets 12 ‘Scheme’ To Punish Yim Decried /KONA] .......ccccccccccccececeeeteees saSaepnendenaneueepseubagntoneneeesenednquagtioe 12 Daily Denounces Trials of Dissidents in South /KONA] o..ccc.cccccccccccccccceeescececesseeeeeeesseeeceseeecestaeeeeenes 13 South Student’s Pro-North Treatises Praised /KONA] ......cccccccccccccccccessecceeecessceeseeecesseeeesseeeteecetaeeeeees 14 ‘Storm of Suppression’ in South Criticized [KONA] ooccccccccccccccccccccceesssesceeeeeeesseeeeeesseeeeeesseceesseeeeeesseees 14 4ist Anniversary of DPRK Founding Commemorated o..................0..c ccc cece ccccccceseeseeeeesseseeeeeeceeeecseees 14 Wreaths Laid at Soldiers Monument /Pvongvang Radio] ..............ccccccccceceeccececeeeesseeeceeesesseeeeeens 14 Patriotic Martyrs Wreaths /Pvongvang RAdi0] ..........cccccccccccccccecseececeeeceesseeeeesseceeecssseeeesseeeeeessees 15 Revolutionary Martyrs Wreaths /Pvongvang Radio] ...........cccccccccceceecceseesseesceessneseecsseeecesseeeeeeees 15 Banquet Celebrates Founding /Pvongvang Radio] ........cccccccccccccccccccccesesseeseececesssneeececsseeececeeesees 15 PE EE ML UD ccnncxnnananccncnrserseccarsonensenseetvanesassenanveensnnnecseecesocntsceoecensnenees 15 Ethiopian Revolution Anniversary Celebrated o...............ccccccceccccssceeeesessssessseseseceeeecssseeeeceeessaceeeseeceeeaeees 16 SN CE - EWE cs cencecuncucesnesnnnseronasevenetedtneduskedentsbnesssesnenenersarssnseccnsessesscesens 16 Pyongyang Marks Ethiopian Day /KCONA] .........cccccccccceesseceeeeesseeteseeesseeeceeeceesaeeeeeesseaeeeseeeeaeaes 16 PCED }§=ME TINT -ccvcrccsnsnssesensenencacscnntureqtensenconsanseredeunererteensunamaceceszesheestereceneeeae 17 DPRK-CSSR Friendship Treaty Anniversary Noted /KONAJ o.......ccccccccccccccccceccessecceeeeceeeeteeeceeees 18 Article Seeks New Law on International Straits /KONA] oo..cccccccccccccccccccccecesseceeseeeeeseesenseeetteeeeeteeeens 18 Kim Il-song, Dignitaries Visit Auto Plants /KONA] o....ccccccccccccccccececcssesseetesceceesseeeceeseeeeeeesseeeeetaeeeeeees 18 Kim Chong-il Calls Party ‘Backbone’ of Revolution /KONA] .........ccccccccccccccceeeeceetteeeeettseeeeteeeees 19 Chuche Idea Disseminated in South’s Books /KONA] wo...ccccccccccceccccceceeseseeeeeeeesseeeceeeeeeeseeeeesenteneeeenenes 19

South Korea

South Proposes Resumption of Talks With North o..........ccccccccccccccccceccececceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeensesttaeeeeeeeees ues 20) BO COC BOTS TES PVCCRSE Era TAM ..........:cccisscsscscsccrssscecsscescscsrscesscssssensscossesersessesesees 20 YONHAP Reports Proposals /YONHAP] .....cccccccccccccccsseessseeeeessssesseeeeeessseeesenseeseseseeeens sepeatenen 20

ROK, U.S. Said Close to Agreement on FX Program /YONITAP] .o....cccccccccccccccccccceeeetstteeeeeeeeeees 21


12 September 1929 2 East Asia U.S. Secretary Views Telecommunications Market /YONTTAP] cocccccccccccccccccccecesccccceeeesseeeeeeeeeeees - USSR Said Willing To Back North-South Dialogue /YONHAP] co.cccccccccccccecceeseeceeseeeeee ieveinereseeest 21 ‘Summary’ of Visiting Soviet Scholar's Speech /7H/E KOREA TIMES 12 Sep] .......cc000.000000000000000 22 Papers Examine No Taec-u’s New Reunification Plan oocccccccccccccccccccccccccccccececeeeeeeceeeeseesseeeevececeueeeenee: . 23

Latest Plan ‘Best One’ /77/b KOREA TIMES 12 Sep] coccccccccccccccccccccccecsscesseeeseeesseessceeeeeeeeeeeeeess 23 Plan Called ‘Realistic’ /77/2. KOREA HERALD 12 Sep] coccccccccccccccccccccesseeesecesssesseeesseeceeeceeeeceees 24 * Four Parties’ Recent Political Trends Analyzed /CHUGAN CHOSON 13 Aug] .......00.00cc0000000066 vue 2D Former North General Confirms North Started War oo.........cccccccccccccccececcceeeessessceeceesteceeceeceeseeeeeeess 32 Kim Il-song Ordered Invasion /YONHAP] ..........cccccccccsssecesccecccccccceescseeeseeecsssstseeeeeeeeeeeeceeseeeeesses Dm North Leader ‘Distorted’ History /YONHAP] ooccccccccccccccccccccccececeeeesceceeeeeeesseeeseetseseeceseeersesseseeee JQ SOUTHEAST ASIA Cambodia Troops Said To Continue Fighting in Cardamomes /AFP] oo..cccccccccccccccccccccecescceeeesseeeesseeeesseees spopeeeeuns 34 Nguon Nhel Speech Marks SRV National Day /Phnomt Penh Radio] .......ccccccccccccceecceeseceeeeeeeeeeeeeeees 34 National Day, Assistance Viewed = /Phinom Penh RAO] ...cccccccccccccccccsceeesseessseesseeseeeesseeeceeeeeceees 36 Heng Samrin Delegation Visit to SRV Praised /Phnom Penh Radio] .........c...cccccccccccecceeeeeeeveveveeeeevees 37 Activities To Thank SRV Troops Planned /SPAJ o.........0.0.cccccccccccccccccceccceceesseceeeceesseeees hecpeseneanensenecenss 37 Journal Praises SRV Troops /Phnom Penh Radio] .o.ccccccccccccccccecsseeeesecesseeesseeeseeeseeeseceeeeseesesenenees 38 Governor Says No SRV Troops in Koh Kong /7THE NATION 3 Sep] o.cccccccccccccccccccecceseceesseeeeeeeeeeeeeees 39 ‘New Phase’ of Ties With SRV Described /Phnom Penh Radio] ........ccccccccccsceseesee ceseessesseeeeeseseeeevees 40) Further Expansion Urged for Role of Front) /Phnom Penh Radio] .......ccccccccccccccccecceseseeeseeeeeeeeeceeeeeeess 4) Chea Sim Chairs Ceremony To Arm Militiamen /Phnoit Penh Radio] ........ccccccccccecccccceeecee cece seen ene 42 Bou Thang Attends 3d Military Region Meeting /Phnom Penh Radio] ..........ccccccccccccceseeceeeeeeeeeeveeeees 43 Three Soviet Ships Allegedly Unload Weapons /Radio VONADKY] oocccccccccccccecccceeseeceeceseeesseeeeeeeeeeeeneees 43 Khieu Samphan Remarks on Paris Talks Reported /Radio VONADKY] oo.....ccccccccccccccecceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeees 44 SRV Stance at Paris Conference Criticized (Radio VODKY] ciccccccccccccccccccccceseccessecceesseeeeseeeeeeeeceeceeeeenes 44 Indonesia Role of Nonaligned Movement Summit Viewed /ANTARA] ooccccccccccccccccccecceteeeeteeeeteeeeeeeeneeeeeeeeeeeeens 45 Laos High-Level Military Delegation Leaves for SRV /Vientiane Radio] ......cccccccccccccccesseeseeseceseeeeeeentseeeeees 45 ee ee Ce Br BI. coxesssnersenezccersnsonnppnnnansoenentneczannennnnznanensensnnnenenescecsconesensss 46 Military Committee Meets With Thai Counterpart /Vientiane Radio] ......cccccccccccccceeceeeceeeeseeneeeneeees 46 Activities Marking DPRK National Day Noted . ....................cccsssssseeceececeesssssseccsessssseceessssseeseecseeseeeeeeeees 47 ED IED «= FTI. coccrnsccnesenernnsciqeenanensventoosnnnsentugunenenueannesnnneseqensbsenscsenesnocccosecensse 7 Re ee TD OD BEI crcccesecoccccccccsseszeeceesnecoenenannconsnnssensenooosncencseoncocsnsesonnsseesss 47 Excess of Technicians Reported in Vientianne /KPL] .........cccccccceccecsecceeeseeeeeteeeeseeeeeeeeetseeeeeneeeeeeeneeeees 47 Athletes Attend SEA Games After 10-year Absence /APL] ....cccccccceccccsccesccceesseceeeceseeesseeeeeeeeeeseeseees 47 Philippines Aquino Urges People To Speak Out on Bases /MANILA BULLETIN 12 Sep] .......ccccccccccecccececceeees 47 Panel Meets on Status of Revised Bases Pact /PHILIPPINE DAILY GLOBE 12 Sep] ...................... 48 Aquino’s Bataan Trip Criticized by NPA) /PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER 12 Sep] ..............000006 48 Aquino on Efforts To Sustain Economic Growth /Baguio City RAGIO] ....cccccccceescescesseeseeeeeeseeeeeeeeees 49 Aquino Greets Marcos, Reiterates Ban on Return /Manila R@dio] .....ccccccccccccesceeseessessesseeseeeeeesseeeens 49 Aquino Says Military Can Repel Muslims /Quezon City RAdIO] ...ccccccccccccccccssceesceeseeesseesseeeeeeeeeeenenees 49 Firms Named as Largest Contributors to Rebels /PHILIPPINE DAILY GLOBE I1 Sep] _ ................ 49 Firm Denies Paying Blackmail /Baguio City RGGI] .....cccccccccccccccseceesseeeesseeesseesesseesseeeeeeeeeeeeeees 50 Military Watch Pangasinan Rebel Supporters /P///LJPPINE DAILY INQUIRER 11 Sep]. ............... 50 Army Officer Reports NPA Membership Decline /Quezon City RAdIO] ...cccccccccccccccceseeseeceesetteeeeeeeees 50

Leaders Admit Setbacks /MANILA BULLETIN 12 Sep] ccccccccccccccccccsscccsscesesscecsseessteceeeeeeeeeeeeees 50


12 September 1989 3 Kast Asia

Muslim Communique Warns Muslims Against VOung .................cccccccccccecccsssseceeeeeeeeeeeeeeevceeeevereeeeeens 5]

Plebiscite Source of Contention /PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER 12 Sep] c.cccccccccccccccceeeeeseees 51

Army To Disrupt Voting /P/IILIPPINE DAILY GLOBE 11 Sep] ccccccccccccccccccceecccceeccceeeseseesenes 5]

Arms Banned During Plebiscite /MANILA BULLETIN 12 Sep] coccccccccccccccccccccceeccceeecceneseeeeeeees 52

British Missionaries Said Training Vigilantes /Queron City RAdiof coccccccccccccccccccccccccceceseceeueeceeeeeeeeeees 52 Thailand

Foreign Trade Department To Hire U.S. Lobbyist /NAFO NAS Sep] cocccccccccccccccccccccccecccseecceeeeeeeeeees 53

Premier To Discuss Trade on Europe, U.S. Tour /Radio VOPA] .ccccccccccccccccccccccccceceeeeceeee senetseeeees 53

Deputy Foreign Minister Talks With ‘Arafat /BANGKOK POST 12 Sep] 53

Chatchai Holds Talks With Ranariddh, Son Sann .............cccccccccccccceecececeeessceeeeseeeeceeeeeeseeeeeeeceeseeeeestreees v4

Trys To Stem Conflict /BANGKOK POST 12 Sep] coccccccccccccccccccscecssseseeessseeceeeeeeeeecceeseceeeeeseeeeeens 54

RO I BRS FET ccecceseresersrseeetnczcanssnressesvevssensnerssecsersveresvocenvesencsesonseonsenecessesesees .. 5S

Details of Talks Reported /77/E NATION 12 Sep] cocccccccccccccccccccccccceccscessssseceeeeeeeeceeeeeceeeeeeeennees 55

Daily Supports Chatchai’s Cambodia Move /THE NATION 11 Sep] ccccccccccccccccceccccccccccecceseeceeeeeeseens 56

No Action on Khmer Refugees Until Settlement /Banghok Radio] ...c.cccccccccccccccceecectees ceceeeeneeeeeetnees 57

Daily Reviews Thai-PRC Khmer Policy Meeting /7THE NATION 11 Sep] cocccccccccccceccccceccceeeeeeseeeseees 57

King Greets Vietnamese National Day /Bangkok Radio/ ...... spiaasnenaubbaeesahapsesorsveniseieesosgensabicevatscecsoereees 58

Officials View Policy on Recognizing Palestine /BANGKOK POST 11 Sep] ........ccccccccccceccc cece eeeeeeteees 59

Deputy Foreign Minister Departs for Egypt. Kenya /77/E NATION Y Sep] ooccccccccccccccccccccceeeeeeees 59

Chawalit Orders Border Troops To Remain Alert /BANGKOK POST Y Sep] ........0....000 ccc ccceeeeseseeeees 59

Security Stepped Up /TH/E NATION 2 Sep] .o.cccccccccccccccccccccseccceccssseseessseeececceeeeeeeeaees seaeedeeseveerbocs 59

Paper Calls for Public Opinion on Security Act) /BAN MUANG Y Sep] coccccccccccccccccccccceseccccceeeeeesteees 59

Trade Figures Show Deficit With Japan, ASEAN [TNA] oocccccccccccccccccccccccccccsecesseeeeseseeeeeeeeeecescestteeenees 60

Lao Tariff Boost ‘Disrupts’ Border Trade /BANGKOK POST 10 Sep] coc.cccccccccccccccccccccccceeccccecceeeesneees 60 Vietnam

Remains of Three Servicemen Returned to U.S. [UNA] oocccccccccccccccccccccccccceecsceeesesstsesseeeeeeueeeeeeee eeeeees 60

Envoy Briefs Press on Withdrawal From Cambodia /7H/E NATION 12 Sep] coccccccccc.ccccccecccceceeseees 61

Socialist Countries Observe National Day [VINA] o.....ccccccccccccccccccccceseecessceesssceeessseceeeeeeeeeeeeuseeeeeeeeeauees 61

National Day Comment Made on Socialist State /Hamot RAdIiO] ..........cccccccccecceceeseeee eee eeeeceeeeeeeeeessunes 62

PHORETINOS CORTETONCS Cees PURINE fU/NAD ......0000.sessercsssssscsssssssssccsesceesncerssevesesesserssansassssevesrsssseseseess 63

Nguyen Co Thach Views Foreign Affairs /TAP CHI CONG SAN Aue] coccccccccccccccccccccecccceececeeeeeeseeeeees 63

Do Muoi Receives Ha Tuyen Province Delegation /Hanot RAdIO] oo...c.ccccccccccccccccceeeceeeececueeeeeenneeenees 68

Comment Invited on Draft Trade Union Law /Hanot Radio] .........c.ccccccccccccccececcceseseeeeeeeeeeeeeenseeeeens 68

Ha Xuan Truony Expresses Views on Pluralism /74P CHI CONG SAN Jul] cocccccccccccceccecccceeceeteceees 69



Minister Discusses Trade on Worldwide Tour /Melhourne International] —............... pensenseehnicaduessanses 72

New Zealand

Foreign Minister Says U.S. Policy Talks Needed /Melhourne International] ...ccccccccccccceceeececeeeeseeeeees 72 Papua, New Guinea

Senior Politician Assassinated by Unknown Gunmen /AFP] oo.ccccccccccccccccccseeeceneesceeeeeeeeeeeeeteeess 72

Western Samoa

Prime Minister's Health Reported Deteriorating /Melhourne International] ........0.....c.cce cee cceeeeeeeeeees 72

FBIS-EAS-89-175 12 September 1989


Kaifu To Deliver ‘Major Policy Speech’ 2 Oct OW 1209071989 Tokvo KYODO in English 0657 GMT l2 Sep 8Y

[Text] Tokyo, Sept. 12 KYODO—Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu will give a major policy speech on October 2 at an extraordinary session of the Diet, political sources said Tuesday. It would be Kaifu’s first major policy speech since coming to power on August 9.

Representatives of the Liberal Democratic Party and the Opposition met and agreed on a basic schedule for the Diet session on Tuesday. But the representatives failed to agree On an exact starting date for the session.

Ruling and opposition parties will hold another round of talks on September 19 to set the opening date and length of the session. The LDP’s political reform plan and the Opposition’s anti-consumption tax bill will be main themes in the extra Diet session, political sources said.

Kaifu Pledges New Environmental Initiatives

OW'1109063089 Tokyo KYODO in English 0443 GMT }] Sep SY

[Text] Tokyo, Sept. 1! KVvODO—Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu said Monday [11 September] that Japan will take the initiative in developing new energy technol- Ogies to counter the global warming trend, and called for urgent measures to address tropical deforestation.

“Japan is ready to take on global environmental issues with positive vigor,” Kaifu told the opening of a Tokyo conference on the global environment.

He said that Japan plans to develop ‘“‘carbon- dioxide-free” energy systems as well as devices that would remove the gas from the atmosphere.

Carbon dioxide is one of the main so-called “greenhouse gases” that scientists say are trapping heat in the atmo- sphere. Levels of carbon dioxide have increased by nearly 25 percent since industrialization began in the early 19th century, largely due to burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil.

The rapid disappearance of tropical forests, which absorb carbon dioxide, also is contributing to the buildup.

Kaifu said Japan is prepared to provide funds and technology to help developing countries preserve trop- ical forests. In addition he said he plans to boost assis- tance to the International Tropical Timber Organiza- tion, a Yokohama-based organization of exporters and importers of tropical timber that is concerned with conservation of forests.

Kaifu reiterated a pledge made by his predecessor. Sosuke Uno, to increase bilateral and multilateral envi- ronmental assistance to 300 billion yen over the next few


year\. The sum represents a 40 billion yen increase per year over the amount spent on environmental aid in the recent years.

UN Environment Program Executive Director Mostata Tolba warned the meeting of scientists and government officials from 23 countries that unless industrialized countries provide more environmental assistance to developing countries, attempts to counteract global warming will fail.

Efforts by Japan and other industrialized countries to cut down on emissions of greenhouse gases “could be com- pletely wiped out if China and India continue to burn their huge reserves of coal.” Tolba told the opening of the 3-day meeting.

The conference 1s the first major international mecting on the global environment to be held in Asia.

Tolba called for massive investments in renewable energy sources such as solar. wind, and geothermal power, and more technological assistance to developing nations.

Shridath S. Ramphal, Commonwealth secretary general, said developing countries resent the “growing stridency and self-righteousness” exhibited by some aid donors who are demanding that poorer countries put a priority on environmental protection.

There could be a backlash against “navironmentalism, Ramphal said, if industrialized Countries impose envi- ronmental restrictions on aid without increasing funds to cover the extra costs.

“If there is to be satisfactory global environmental management, it must address poverty and inequality,” Ramphal said.

He said it was counterproductive for citizens in wealthy countries to call for a ban on logging in tropical forests because it distracts attention from the more serious issue of destruction by poor farmers who enter the forests to seek a better livelihood.

Barber Conable, president of the World Bank, announced his bank plans to triple lending for forestry over the next several years and increase spending on population projects.

“We are well beyond any concept of treating the envi- ronment in a superficial, cosmetic or public relations fashion,” Conable said. “We are committed to environ- mental issues.”

He estimated the bank would spend 1.3 billion dollars for environmental projects over the next three years.

The president of the leading international lending agency for developing countries said that he hoped to work in a partnership with nongovernmental organizations.

Environmentalists have been among the harshest critics of the bank, charging that it has squandered money on


projects that damage the environment and fail to deliver long-term benefits to local people.

In an unusual tribute to environmental groups in Japan, Chairman Saburo Okita, a former foreign minister, read out an appeal from a group of pollution victims and drew attention to statements issued by some half-dozen citi- zens’ groups that organized mectings to coincide with the government conference.

Unhke in most Western industrialized countries. citi- zens groups and government here do not have a close working relationship.

James Speth, president of the World Resources Institute, said he was concerned that the underdevelopment of environment groups here detracts from Japan's leader- ship in the field of world environment

Meanwhile, outside the conference venue environmen- talists draped in plastic vines enacted a logging scene in Sarawak, Malaysia. The activists formed a human blockade similar to one they said was started two days ago by indigenous Penan in Sarawak to protest logging that is destroying their forests, and called for a stop to Japan's import of logs from the area.

A separate group of pollution victims marched through central Tokyo and handed out leaflets urging the govern- ment to solve pollution problems at home as a first step toward responding to global environmental issues.

Environmentalists were not permitted to attend the meeting, which was co-sponsored by the United Nations Environment Program, because organizers said privacy was needed for frank discussion on sensitive issues.

The conference will focus on climate change and topics pertaining to environment and economic development in poor countries before closing Wednesday with a statement.

Kaifu Says ‘Bogus’ Boat People Should Go Home

OW 0909084689 Tokvo KYODO in English 0822 GMT Y Sep &Y

[Text] Vancouver, Sept. 8 KYODO—Japanese Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu said Friday persons disguised as Indochina refugees should return home when asked about Chinese coming to Japan in the guise of boat people and “economic” Vietnamese refugees.

Kaifu also said Japan has to protest to countries from where these bogus boat people came in a mecting with Japanese reporters here.

He said Japan will be faced with serious social problems if 1t admitted all refugees.

F BIS-F AS-89-175 12 September 1989

JSP Policymaker Lrges U.S. Forces Negotiations OW 11091446089 Tokyo KYODO in Enelish 1325 GMI I] Sep 8Y

[Text] Kuronso, Tochigt Pret., Sept. 11 KYODO—The Japan Socialist Party's [JSP] chief policymaker Shigeru lto Monday urged the need tor an early negotiation on the U.S. Forces Status Agreement in line with the party policy of keeping the Japan-U.S. security treaty on condition that its emphasis shifts to nonmilitary aspects

The status agreement allows the presence of ‘off-limit areas untouchable by the Japanese Government. We musi change the way the agreement ts currently employed. which totally ignores Japanese sovereignty.” lio said.

Ito, who engineered party Chairwoman Takako Doi's policy outline, disclosed here on Sunday at the party policymakers’ meeting that the bilateral negotiations would be a long-term project.

“The negotiations wall be a part of a long-term overall effort to reduce tensson in Asia and phase out the relevance of military blocs and alliances.” Ho said.

To realize that end, Ito said the JSP, the No. | opposi- tion party secking to oust the ruling Liberal Democratic Party. will declare the three non-nuclear principles of not producing. possessing and bringing nuclear weapons into Japan as state policy, to “at least give a sense of guilt” to the U.S. if its ships call here carrying such weapons.

The call to create confidence-building measures to dis- cuss disarmament in the northeast Asian region 1s another step toward expediting dissolution of the mili- tary presence of the U.S. in Japan, Ito said.

“We attach great importance to Japan-U.S. relations, especially economic cooperation,” he said, stressing the need to expand exchanges between JSP members and various circles in the US. to prevent further tension resulting from chronic trade imbalances in favor of Japan.

lto said Japan must effectively use its economic power as the world’s No. | creditor to aid developing nations so as to avoid criticism for being “an economic power without purpose.”

Ito called for creation of an economic cooperation min- istry to handle employment for Japanese volunteers working overseas who have difficulty finding yobs when they return to Japan.

Ito 1s currently attending the three-day party policy- study session being held since Sunday.

F BIS-EAS-89-175 12 September 1989

NHK Interviews JSP’s Takako Doi OW 1209042389 Tokvo NHK General Television Verwork in Japanese 1203 GMT 11 Sep 89

{From the “NHK News Today” program: Interview with Japan Socialist Party (JSP) Chairwoman Takako Doi by NHK reporters Jiro Hirano and Yoshiro Shimizu through a live relay from Tochigi Prefecture to the NHK studio in Tokyo]

| Text] [Hirano] A role reversal between the ruling and opposition parties occurred after the recent upper house election. Depending on the outcome of the next general elections, the possibility has emerged of a coalition government composed of the opposition parties. In view of this, JSP Chairwoman Doi presented the so-called “Doi Vision” in preparation for the coalition govern- ment. The “Doi Vision” was presented at a 3-day JSP national policy study meeting, which began yesterday in Tochigi Prefecture. It put forward a realistic stance allowing for the continuation of the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty and the Self-Defense Force [SDF], among other things. Regarding this “Doi Vision’, Democratic Socialist Party [DSP] Chairman Nagasue, speaking at a Central Committee meeting today, asked the JSP to take an even more realistic stance on security and defense policies as a prerequisite for the DSP's participation in the coalition government. The repercussions of the “Doi Vision” have thus spread among the opposition parties. Newscaster Shimizu and I will ask Chairwoman Doi, who 1s participating in the JSP national policy study meeting, questions concerning the “Doi Vision” and the blueprint of the opposition party coalition government. Ms Doi. good evening.

{Doi} Good evening.

{Hirano] You have been chairwoman for 3 years. You Started with the words—there’s no other way but to do it |yarukkyanai]. Please tell us what you plan to do at present, including what you will do after the coalition government is formed.

{Doi} | see. To answer your question, | would say, first and foremost, the rehabilitation of politics. | do not want to tell les or play tricks. Therefore, since we have promised the people we would abolish the Consumption Tax, we shall honestly work toward this goal. Moreover. we have to make the people understand fair and just politics. Therefore, we shall have to make politics com- prehensible to them. We shall excrt all efforts to make politics open. Lip servece is often paid to political reform, but this is not an easy task at al). For example,

there is the issue of donations from companies. As of

now, there are loopholes im the Political Funds Control Law. There ts the question of how to eliminate these loopholes. At the policy study meeting today. we heard the views of a university professor invited to the meeting. He said that in order to make elections a means through which the people can truly work for democratic politics as a sovereign people, vigorous steps should be


taken to discontinue the practice of bureaucrats transfer- ring lo private companies or running as candidates immediately after resignation. | think this cannot be done -with superficial revisions. We would like to work vigorously for a new Start.

{Shimizu} Ms Doi, you have said that the door is just half open and that you have to work much harder from now on. Considering the results of opinion polls, there are, indeed, still not many people who think that it would be good to form a coalition government of opposition parties. What do you think the JSP needs to do most to fully open the door?

{Doi} Don’t you think 1t would be to win the lower house elections? Indeed. as you just said. wath the reversal of roles between the ruling and opposition parties in the upper house, the door ts half open. Ib we do not open the door fully. it will not be wide open. Since this 1s not an automatic door. I think tremendous efforts will be nec- essary from now on to open the door fully. In order to open the door fully, we have to be ready with enough candidates. As you know, there are currently 512 seats in the lower house. In order to win a majority or to keep Liberal Democratic Party [LDP] seats in the minority, the opposition parties have to win more than 257 seats. Thus, if we do not exert the utmost efforts to reduce current LDP seats by 43 to 45, 1t will not be possible to open the door tully, as you put it.

[Hirano] This has very much to do with opening the door fully. In the “Doi Vision” presented yesterday, regarding the focal issues of the Japan-U-.S. security policy and the SDF. the words—continuation will be allowed for the time being—had originally been included. The words— for the time being—have been deleted. What does this mean?’ Does it indicate that the JSP concedes that the Japan-l).S. Security Treaty and the SDF are necessary for Japan’s security?

{Dor} No. | want to explain this. Yesterday | made the presentation. Then I gave a report asking the people to present views after discussing this issue. From the outcome of the upper house election, I believe we are obliged to answer the people’s expectations concerning a change of regime. This 1s a very serious responsi- bility. | made the presentation under the belief that since new realities have emerged and we have to deal with politics with new ideas, it would be important to talk about the blueprint of a future Japan which we are aiming for. As to the contents, what we think on specific issues, | asked Policy Research Committee Chairman Ito to work on them with a project team. A report on various issues was drafted by the team as a result of tremendous efforts. We distributed the report and asked the people to react to it and give us their views. The content shows that | would like to work hand in hand with the people on future policies to be adopted. It is not a final document. It 1s a proposal on important future policies to gather the people's sugges- tions. Needless to say, the basic thing is the people's agreement to the contents. In politics, not a single day


existing in a state of vacuum 1s permissible. If the coalition government—we call it the national coalition government—takes over the responsibilities of govern- ment from the LDP. it will be important to sort out what to inherit and what has to be reformed boldly in LDP politics. In that sense. | attempted to raise the ISsues.

[Shimizu] Allow me to confirm this. Has the JSP decided to allow the continuation of the Security Treaty and the SDF, as contained in your report yesterday”

[Doi] That is not so. What | want to do ts to initiate vigorous discussions.

[Shimizu] In that connection, DSP Chairman Nishimura [name as heard] said today that the coalition government should recognize that Japan is a member of the Western camp. You have said that after attaining power. you would attend the summit. Will the JSP recognize the fact that Japan is a member of the Western camp?

[Doi] We mainly construe membership in the Western camp to mean that we shall deal with economic issues on the basis of the tree economic system. Regarding the question of belonging to the Eastern or Western camp. this must be approached trom the standpoint of the present international situation. the prospective relax- ation of tension. and the significant international trend in favor of disarmament. We shall have to consider our definite stand on this issue.

{Shimizu} I have just said DSP Chairman Nishimura. It should be Chairman Nagasue.

[Doi] That's right.

[Shimizu] In the JSP’s or in your view, you have said that you would maintain the free market economy in the future. What does this mean”? Does it mean that the JSP has given up planned economic policies?

[Doi] No. What we are saying 1s to work for the ideal form of economy and to institute reforms under the free economic system. When did the issue of the planned economy that you just mentioned arise?

[Shimizu] | thought that as a socialist party, the idea of planned economy...

{[Do1, interrupting] Ah. [laughs] Some people may think that way. However. the party has consistently adopted the position I have just mentioned.

[Hirano] | understand very well your er: >usiasm and what you have just said. More concretely cerning the question of whether the coalition government will come into being or whether the opposition parties can unite, from what we have heard from the other opposition parties in this program. my impression is that they are hesitant. What do you think?

FBIS-FAS-89-175 12 September 1989

{Doi Well, deliberations on that are still to be conducted at the Policy Research Committee chairman level. More- over, Meetings Of party secretaries general will also be held. | belheve that after repeated discussions, ut will be possible. That 1s because all of us have agreed, particu- larly during the 7 April party leaders’ meeting in Kyoto. that with the emergence of new realities, we need to deal with the situation with new ideas. Later, on 13 April, the party secretaries general held a discussion. They agreed lo respect each party’s basic beliefs and policies and promised to respect each other in working for policy coordination in the coalition government. | believe we can seriously work together from such a position.

[Shimizu] From the opposition parties: debate on the blueprint of the coalition government, I have the impres- sion that it focused on foreign policy and defense.

[Dor] Yes. yes, | agree.

[Shimizu] | think that current public discontent woth politics 18 focused on domestic issues such as land. housing. and commodity prices, rather than on foreign policy and defense issues. Regarding domestic issues, the JSP advocates gradual reform. | think, from the public point of view, quite a number would think that drastic reforms are necessary. What do you think?

[Doi] I think so. I think it 1s also important to make distinctions. We propose gradual but effective reforms. Take the issues of land and commodity prices. These are precisely the urgent issues affecting the people's livelihood. | think that, concerning such issues, many people expect effective measures. The issue of land is very difficult. I believe that there are very strong criticisms that the LDP land policy 1s practically nonexistent. With overconcentra- tion in Tokyo, land prices went sky high. This significantly affected the whole country. | think one very important thing 1s for each locality to vigorously develop unique local communities bringing satisfaction to the residents. Our party has prepared a draft basic land law and has sub- mitted this to the Diet. The LDP, while paying lip service to the importance of the land issue, has not even touched the bill in a year. We would like to exert the utmost efforts to formulate a basic land law.

{Hirano} Let me ask a rather unkind question. Amid the aggressive mood of the great advance in the upper house election, there are moves inside the party that serve to apply the brakes on this. In particular, former Chairman Ishibashi criticized the present party leadership. Ms Doi, has there been any change of mind regarding putting up 180 candidates in the next elections?

{Doi} The figure has been cited as a goal. However, the number has to be filled from the localities. We are not saying this arbitrarily just to provide that number without careful consideration. We are thinking of working in the localities to fill the number. As I said earlier, if we can reduce the present LDP seats by 43 or 44. a reversal between the ruling and opposition parties will really be possible. That has been set up as a realistic goal for us to work for.

FBIS-EAS-89-175 12 September 1989

[Shimizu] In this connection, the figure |80—does that mean 180 JSP candidates’

{Doi] No. We mean both candidates officially recognized [konin] or recommended [suisen] by the JSP. It has a wide coverage.

[Shimizu] There has been talk about electoral coopera- tion with Rengo. Is this included”

[Doi] We have not reached a conclusion on this. Under the JSP, we have the Alliance to Safeguard the Consti- tution [Goken Kyodo, a loose group of JSP-affiliated Diet members. They are not JSP members, but have been recommended by the JSP as candidates. There were such candidates in the last upper house elections. We are also thinking about that method for candidates for the lower house elections. You have asked about former Chairman Ishibashi. | am quite concerned about the fact that he has declined to run in the next election. After all, former Chairman Ishibashi 1s an indispensable politi- cian, not only for the JSP but for Japanese politics as a whole. I have worked hard myself, under the guidance of former Chairman Ishibashi’s New Declaration. I sin- cerely apologize for my shortcomings. and I shall humbly listen to his Opinion and work even harder.

[Shimizu] Lastly, | would like to ask you a question about the prospects for the political situation. In his Statement in the United States. Prime Minister Kaifu said that a blueprint of revisions of the Consumption Tax will be presented by November. From this, there have been speculations that the lower house will prob- ably be dissolved before year’s end. The JSP 1s 1n favor of early dissclution. Do you think the lower house will definitely be dissolved before year’s end?

[Doi] We would like to work hard to push for such a dissolution.

[Shimizu] Thank you. [Hirano] Thank you.

JSP’s Ito Criticizes LDP Over Tax Issue

OW'1209064189 Tokyo KYODO in English 0547 GMT 12 Sep 89

[Text] Nasu, Tochigi Pref., Sept. 12 KYODO—The chief policymaker of the Japan Socialist Party (JSP) on Tuesday challenged the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to submit its own bill on tax reform at the extraordinary Diet session expected next month to respond to the outcome of the July House of Councillors election.

“The crushing defeat of the LDP in the July 23 election was a clear public referendum to recaii the 3 percent Consumption Tax the party enforced last April in defiance to its 1986 election pledge.” said Shigeru Ito, chairman of the No. | opposition party’s Policy Board, speaking on the final day of a party policy study session here.


The LDP won over 300 of the 512-seats in the lower house in 1986 while pledging not to introduce an indirect tax against the public’s will. The JSP emerged an over- whelming victor in the upper house contest 2 months ago. ending the 34-year LDP dominance in the upper chamber.

Vowing to fight for the beginning of the “new politics” alier the latest election, Ito pledged to abolish the Con- sumption Tax by next March 31 and launch an overall tax reform law within 2 years to rectify disparities in the current taxation system and secure welfare for the approaching advanced-age society.

“We plan to pursue the LDP’s responsibility in the extraordinary Diet session in a step to dissolve the House of Representatives and call for an early general election to properly reflect the public will.” JSP Secre- tary General Tsuruo Yamaguchi told the meeting.

Outlining the JSP tax reform bill, Ito called for stream- lining the administrative expenditure with the aim of increasing revenue for welfare purposes.

While stressing that direct tax was the primary source of revenue, Ito said that a new indirect tax on certain commodities and services will be studied in line with correcting the unfair tax burden.

Another way to remove taxation inequality was taxing of capital gains, land property, and stock income, Ito said.

He said that steady economic performance anticipated for a few more years will produce a natural tax increase which the JSP considers a major source for fiscal policies.

The JSP. seeking to establish an opposition coalition to wrest political power from the LDP in the next general election, needs to reach agreement on certain reform policies, including the source of revenue, with its three potential partners.

The JSP hopes to win cooperation from Komerto. the Democratic Socialist Party, and the United Socialist Democratic Party to win the clection for the more powerful House of Representatives and pass the tax reform bill in both houses.

Yamanaka Resignation To Speed Tax Reform

OW'1109190689 Tokvo KYODO in English 1415 GMT 11 Sep 89

[Text] Tokyo, Sept. 1! KYODO - The resignation Monday of Sadanori Yamanaka as chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party’s (LDP) Tax System Research Commission will speed up work on the revision of the unpopular consumption tax, LDP sources said.

Yamanaka, a main architect of the 3 percent tax, reluc- tantly agreed to quit after Prime Minister and LDP President Toshiki Kaifu met with him in the afternoon and stressed the necessity of an extensive overhaul of the consumption tax to win the next general election.


Kaifu said over the weekend that the government will draft an outline of an amendment of the consumption tax by the end of November

The ruling party intends to name the new chairman and vice-chairman of the tax panel and call it into session by the end of this week, the sources said

A semor official of the Finance Ministry. asked to comment on Yamanaka’s resignation, said he does not think the LDP will come up with an “insensitive” revision plan.

The official, who declined to be identified, said he wants the government's tax system council to speed up work on the amendment in keeping with the prime minister's wishes.

The Finance Ministry is a staunch defender of the consumption tax, implemented since last April. as a main means of bolstering fiscal revenues.

Government and LDP leaders have agreed that a fairly sweeping revision of the consumption tax 1s imperative to win the neat general election. Widespread aversion to the tax 1s supposed to have brought about a sharp drop in LDP strength in the July 23 House of Councillors election, when the ruling party lost its absolute majority.

The view became dominant in the LDP that such an overhaul of the tax would be impossible under Yamanaka, who played a leading role in creating the tax.

However, Yamanaka. although implicitly asked to resign by Hiroshi Mitsuzuka. chairman of the LDP Policy Affairs Research Council, gave no clear-cut answer

Karfu, therefore, who returned from a trip to the United States, Mexico and Canada over the weekend, met with

Yamanaka on Monday and sought his understanding of

the need for tax revision.

The government's tax system council will hold a meeting of a subcommittee on the consumption tax implementa- tion on Tuesday to start a full-scale review on the tax.

It plans to come up with a view on possible revision by mid-November in line with the prime minister's wishes, council sources said.

Main topics will include the limiting of the consumption tax revenue to welfare purposes, expansion of the scope of tax-free items and revision of the way of indicating tax on goods.

The opposition parties have already made it plain that they will jointly submit a bill for abrogation of the consumption tax at an extraordinary Diet session to be convened next month.

F BIS-F AS-89-175 12 September 1989

Defense White Paper Stresses Soviet Threat OU 1209022589 Tokyo KYODO in Enelish O182 GM | Sep SY

[Teat}] Tokyo. Sept. 12 KYODO—The Defense Agency released its annual report Tuesday emphasizing a con- tinued threat trom the Sovict Union to Japan despite a recent Jessening of tensions

But high-level sources indicated detense officials soft- ened harsher estimates of the Soviet posture and included a positive appraisal of progress in East-West relations under pressure from the Foreign Ministry

The 1989 “White Paper” is the ISth edition of the annual report detailing the agency's stance on the world military situation and Japanese defense

Defense Councillor and spokesman Yuken Hironaka indicated the addition of a new section dealing with recent moves in East-West relations. The section notes the unilateral arms reductions of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev “seck...overall improvement” but concludes that “reality...remains basically unchanged in terms of military confrontation.”

Perestroyka. the Soviet program of economic revitaliza- tion, has yet to show a “real lessening...of the Soviet threat.” the paper maintains

The moves by Gorbachev and reform paths being taken by some countries 1m Eastern Europe, Hironaka stressed. are “in flux” and could contribute to instability that Japan must guard against

Reductions in the numbers of Soviet arms have been offset by continued improvements tn the quality of both conventional and nuclear forces, the paper said.

The report gave special treatment to Soviet Far East forces, including a diagram detailing Soviet forces around the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido, the first public disclosure of such information

Some 60 percent of all Soviet troops and fighter aircraft in the Far East, the paper says, are stationed in these areas, presenting a potential threat to Japan and contrib- uting to military tensions in the region.

Hironaka also noted that the 1989 document redetines the realm of US. torces stationed in Japan to the Pacific region. enlarging upon previous the Western Pacific- Northeast Asian tocus. U.S. forces. he said. must con- tend with the Soviet Pacific Fleet in all of Asia.

The paper's emphasis on the Soviet threat comes as the 1986-1990 5-year mid-term defense plan outlining the buildup of military forces approaches tts end. opening the way for discussions for future military hardware.

“Heated argument” from the Foreign Ministry. noted a senior agency source, convinced defense officials to relax the originally intended critique of the Soviet Union.

FBIS-E AS-89-175 12 September 1989

Opinion polls released carlier this year by the Prime Minister's Office reflect a high degree of distrust of Moscow. Some &0.5 percent of the respondents showed negative feelings toward the Soviet Union

This year’s paper includes an analysis of the Southeast Asian military situation as an area around Japan. Hironaka explained that tensions between Vietnam and China as well as U_S.-Soviet positions in Vieinam and the Philippines across the South China Sea could affect Japan.

The agency publicaiion also reiterates the constitution- ality of Japan’s Self-Defense Forces and emphasizes its place along with the Japan-US. Security Treaty as the two pillars of the nation’s defense program.

Foreign Minister Stresses Overseas Aid Effort OW 12090855089 Tokyo KYODO in Enelish 0447 GMT J2 Sep SY

[Text] Tokyo. Sept. 12 KYODO—Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Nakayama on Tuesday said that Japan must live up to expectations that it will shortly become the world’s largest aid donor.

“Japan is forecast to become the world’s No. | donor of

aid on a dispersement basis in the near future.” Nakayama told reporters after a cabinet meeting

“It 1s contingent upon us to live up to that distinction with effort and ingenuity.” he said.

Nakayama’s remarks came as he received a report released by the Prime Minister's Office on Tuesday, which called on the Foreign Ministry and other govern- ment agencies involved in Official Development Assis- tance (ODA) to strengthen their efforts at improving Japan's loan aid program.

“The Foreign Ministry accepts this latest report with sincerity and we will devote all our energies toward realizing those improvements that should be made.” Nakayama said.

The report on the Government's loan aid program called for the four concerned ministries to redouble their efforts to ensure that the overseas assistance 1s “appro- priate, effective. and efficient.” Nakayama said. adding that that view 1s shared among them.

He also said the reports showed an understanding of the Government's aid administrative structure, in which four ministries cooperate on ODA matters. The report called for a further improvement of that framework.

Among the major donor countries, only France nas a similar system in which various ministries participate in aid administration with each having a strong voice.

The report followed upon another last year, which focused on grant assistance and technological cooperation, the two other components of Japan’s ODA program.


Parliamentarians lo Visit PRC, Meet Jiang, bi OU OSOGI3TISY Lohyvo KYODO in bnelih 1248 GN S Sep 8Y

{Teat] Tokyo. Sept. 8 KYODO—Masayosh: Ito, leader of a parhamentary group tor Japan-China triendship. said on Friday he will visit China September | 7-19 as head of a five-member delegation trom the group. Chi- nese Ambassador to Japan Yang Zhenya visited Ito at his office Friday and extended an invitation for his group to visit China.

While in China, Ito and his group will meet Chinese Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin. Premicr Li Peng and other Chinese officials. Ito said he also hopes to meet supreme leader Deng \Mraoping. If Deng accepts lto’s request to meet, i would be Deng’s first public appearance in three months. Deng has made no public appearance since late June. when